Above the natural latex is a quilted top made Eco-Wool batting stitched inside of an organic cotton fabric.
Natural Flame Retardant
Regarding flameproofing, we use wool and do not add other materials to the wool. In 2006, the CSPC enacted CFR 1633, which requires mattresses to pass an open flame test. A burner is placed on top of the mattress and the side for 60 and 90 seconds. After 30 minutes, the heat release must not exceed 200 kilowatts. The law does not require mattress manufacturers to use any flame retardants, but only pass the test. There are many companies, like Savvy Rest, Naturepedic, Lifekind, etc., use wool as the flame retardant and don't add other materials as well, but it is less common because wool can be 10 times or more expensive than a polyester and rayon FR solution.
For wool, the typical chemical composition by weight is 50.5% carbon, 22% oxygen, 16.5% nitrogen, 6.8% hydrogen, 3.7% sulfur, and .5% ash which is potassium, sodium, calcium, aluminum, iron, silica, sulfate, carbonate, phosphorus pentoxide, and chloride. Please note that arsenic is naturally occurring compound in nature. It is found in water, appleseeds, soil, etc. When testing for VOCs and arsenic in wool in ppm, the quantity may not be detectable, but if measured in ppb, you may detect trace amounts in any wool even certified organic wool. Also, during its natural decomposition, the wool can release other chemicals into air. Unfortunately, I'm not well versed in this area.
Our wool is produced by the Woolgatherer using the Eco-Wool Growing Criteria and is certified to Okeo-Tex 100 - II. The certification number is 16.HUS.92223. Again, you may check to ensure the certification is valid on the Oeko-Tex website.
What is EcoWool?
Think of it as “uncertified organic” wool. For many smaller, family-run wool suppliers, getting an organic certification is an expensive, time-consuming process that offers little financial incentive. Many of these “mom and pop” wool growers follow guidelines that are just as strict as the organic standards. Instead of selling their wool as “certified organic,” they sell it as EcoWool, an equally wonderful product that offers these “uncertified organic” farmers a market for their wool products.
We prefer to give the weight of the wool we use, rather than the thickness. This is a natural material. So, the thickness may vary based on the micron and staple length of the fiber. But, in general, it is approximately an inch thick.
If you like, here is some technical information about our wool to geek out on.
– The natural and organic wool is made right here in the U.S. Buying wool from U.S. growers means we’re supporting our own economy, and we’re cutting down on the fuels necessary to import the wool from another country. Our mill has a personal relationship with each one of its growers in order to ensure the highest standards in quality and cleanliness. We have included those guidelines for you.
– Specifications for Breed, Color, Strength and Micron-Width: Our wool blend utilizes wool from six to eight different breeds of sheep. Our blends are chosen to create strong, durable wool batting that retains its loft and resiliency longer. We use a mix of coarse and finer wools with varying crimps to achieve our special, uber soft batting.
– Proper Grazing Methods: Our growers rotate sheep to different pastures to allow vegetation to recover from grazing. Growers are careful not to overstock their pastures, because overstocking and infrequent rotation erodes the soil, increases the number of invasive plants and parasites, and increases the need to bring in outside feed. Proper grazing techniques reduce soil erosion, create higher quality wool, and reduce the risk of sheep getting parasites.
– Predator-Friendly: We love all animals – including the ones that may hunt sheep. That’s why growers are encouraged to use trained sheep guard dogs instead of trapping, poisoning, or shooting the predators. Growers also use other larger animals, such as llamas, to protect their flocks from predators.
– Healthy Veterinary Practices: Generally, sheep raised in open pastures are healthier and require less veterinary care. But when sheep do get sick, only certain types of chemical-free medications and supplements are allowed.
– Chemical Control: We oppose the use of herbicides and pesticides on fields where sheep will be grazing. We are able to determine if wool has been in contact with harmful chemicals through random spot-testing.